Some fascinating facts about fleas:

1) The single primary deterrent of egg production is the grooming habits of the pets. Cats are the best groomers and they ingest up to 50% of the fleas on them.

2) The larva stage of the life cycle is typically 7 to 11 days.

3) The larva undergoes a huge change in body size in five to six days and, during its life cycle, spins a silk cocoon.

4) The larva can crawl up to three feet in distance.

5) In order for the Cat flea to survive, it must have a minimum of 30% humidity. The larva is negative phototaxis, which means it does not like light. The larva is also positive geotaxis, meaning it moves downward. These are two reasons why larva are found in the base of carpets.

6) The primary reason flea infestations vary is the amount of humidity. Carpet helps protect the humidity surrounding the larva.

7) Larvae develop best at 72 degrees temperature and 78% relative humidity.

8) The pupa typically develops in one to three weeks, however, can be in the cocoon up to 140 days in laboratory tests

9) The pre-emergent adult will stay in the cocoon until impacted by the appropriate heat, carbon dioxide, movement, or light intensity. !t can emerge from the cocoon in less than 1 second.

10) If a pet or human passes closely to a flea pupa, the pre-emergent adult will see a difference in light intensity, sense movement, feel the heat from the body, or recognize carbon dioxide. All of these events indicate the
presence of a food source. They emerge quickly due to their need to get to a food source.

11) Female fleas develop faster than male fleas while in the cocoon.

12) There are approximately 2.1 to 2.2 times as many female fleas as male fleas.

13) The female flea consumes up to 15 times its weight in blood.

14) Eight to nine minutes after an adult feeds it will have a fecal discharge” which is what the larvae eat.

15) Fleas survive through the winter microcosms which are conductive to flea life. They also live through the winter on such outside animals as possums and raccoons. Rabbits and squirrels are not hosts for the cat flea.